Tag Archives: Fertile Crescent


We have to see ordinary things with new eyes, if we wish to see God through His works. We are all small beggars in God’s eyes; all our important projects and deadlines are mere trifles.



The Bible reveals that the whole household of Israel, the Jewish race, would one day come to Christ after the full number of Gentiles comes in.” The watchman on the wall will not be given any rest until he establishes Jerusalem and makes it praise on the earth: “Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, and in this way all Israel will be saved.”                                                                                                                         Romans 11:25, 26


“I have posted watchmen on your walls, Jerusalem; they will never be silent day or night. You who call on the Lord, give yourselves no rest, and give him no rest till he establishes Jerusalem and makes her the praise of the earth.”                                                         Isaiah 62:6, 7



The Fifth Diaspora was the greatest. It happened immediately after the revolt of Bar Kokhva in 135 AD. All the Jews in Palestine were forced to leave the land. A few of them remained in small pockets in Safad, Tiberias, and Yabneh. No Jew was even allowed to set foot in Jerusalem.

All the European Jewry who adopted the “German rite” synagogue ritual, were called Ashkenazim in order to distinguish them from the Jews of Spain who were referred to as “Sephardim”, the Spanish rite Jews

Nowadays 80% of the Jews in the World are Ashkenazim, they increased in America, a country of freedom and opportunities. In the late 20th Century the Ashkenazim worldwide number around 11,000,000, In Israel however, the Sephardim and the Askkenazim are about equal in number,

The Sephardim worldwide are about 1,000,000. Three quarters of them live in Israel. The Jews in Spain, having no military service to do, became: merchants, jewelers, gold and silver encrusters, arms manufacturers, tree planters, especially olives and citrus fruits.

They also dealt in finances, and had ample time to study medicine, Arabic to improve their Hebrew which they started to lose. They became secretaries to the rulers, and adapted Arab poetry, music and singing. For this reason, Sephardic Judaism became more tolerant, more humane, more poetic, more hopeful and less belligerent that the Ashkenazi (German) Judaism of Central and Eastern Europe.

Of all the nations of East Europe Poland was the only one who welcomed Jews. The other nations accepted them reluctantly. The Jews in Poland thrived and developed the economy. Unfortunately Poland was divided among Russia, Austria, and Prussia, Its boundaries changed every now and then every time Poland was occupied by foreign powers Jews were displaced according to the whims of the conquerors.

The Jews in Europe were forced out of France by King Philip Augustus in 1189 in order to recuperate the lands of the Christian Knights that were mortgaged to Jews for cash needed to fight in the Crusades, likewise in England the Jews were expelled in 1290 for the same reason, yet the Jews were readmitted in France in 1192, by the same Philip Augustus when he regulated their banking business and kept a part for himself.

Many Jews living in the Levant came back to Palestine. Of course, they were a minority in a sea of Arabs who tolerated them, for their industries and trade.

A hundred years after the victory of Saladin some 300 Rabbis who were expelled from England resettled in Palestine as well, and was the very first nucleus of Ashkenazi Jews in Palestine.

Because of the harsh life in day to day life in the Pale, the western region of Imperial Russia,  some two million Jews immigrated to the United States bringing with them their Ashkenazi tradition.



Zionism is an offshoot of politicized Judaism. Its roots run deep in the history of the Jewish people. Continue reading JEWISH CHRISTIANS

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God gradually reveals Himself as what we need to know. He does this by selecting one small tribe out of all the nations on earth. He has chosen them to be His own people. He has given them a land, a law and temple in which they are to worship Him. They are to learn who He is and how to live in communion with Him. Of course, they fail Him repeatedly and the BIBLE history of the Old Testament is filled with stories of these failures. Yet, He continually refashions the relationship and rebuilds this communion. They eventually begin to see more clearly His awesome faithfulness and love.



All of the sacred history of Israel occurs in the full history of the ancient world. This is not a fairy tale: God acts in history and space to attain His purpose. The Jewish people had lived under a succession of foreign empires for centuries. The Jews finally realized that their little kingdom would never be restored without God and His graces. Ironically the Jews are still waiting for God to reveal Himself.

The most interesting development in the history of the Bible is observing how God has protected and guided the small kingdom of Judea starting from 2000 BC. He knew that Jesus Christ was to be born in a small town in Bethlehem in 4 BC.  In Micah 5:2 (750-686 BC), there is a prophecy that reveals that Bethlehem would be the birthplace of the Messiah: “But you, Bethlehem, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”

After 2000 years, the Bible has been translated into 1120 languages and dialects. We look at the Bible as a historical document, and evaluate its validity from unbiased grounds. Many of the people, places, and things mentioned in the Bible can indeed be verified 100% through modern day archeology.

Who ever heard of the Philistines, the Assyrians, the Medes or the Seleucids, and where do we read about the great defeat of Pharaoh’s army in the annals of Ancient Egypt?     


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